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Country Environmental Profile

Tunisia is bounded by the Mediterranean to the north and east, by Libya to the south and by Algeria to the west. It covers an area of 162,155 km2 and a population of 10 million inhabitants and is a former political entity of the Maghreb. Its capital is Tunis. Tunisia has a privileged geographical position at the crossroads between East and West Mediterranean, between Europe and Africa.

The country's history dates back to the founding of Carthage by the Phoenicians in 814 BC, which soon became an important center of trade and ruled the region until 146 BC, when Carthage gradually conquered by Rome and became part of the Roman province of Africa. Over its 3000 years of history, Tunisia has seen many invaders and civilizations, such as Carthaginians, Romans, Berbers, Byzantines, Arabs and Ottomans.

The Arab conquest goes back to 647 A.D ; many Arab dynasties ruled the country as Aghlabids and Fatimids. In the sixteenth century, Tunisia became a province of the Ottoman Empire and in 1881 a French protectorate. It became independent in March 1956 and a republic on July 25, 1957.

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